Frequently Asked Questions
What are my options for choosing a Responsorial Psalm for Mass?
The proclamation of the Sacred
Scriptures has been part of the Mass since the earliest times. During the second Vatican Council the pope and bishops discerned that the faithful needed to be better nourished by the Sacred Scriptures
during the liturgy. (Sacrosanctum Concilium 51) This led them to commission the Lectionary for Mass, which increased the quantity of biblical readings on Sundays and weekdays, and expanded the Psalmody by means of the Responsorial Psalm. In order to make sure that the faithful always get a generous portion of the Sacred Scriptures, certain laws were put in place. The General Instruction of the Roman Missal (GIRM) paragraph 61, regulates where the text and antiphon of the Psalm are to come from:
- The Graduale Romanum - or-
- The Graduale Simplex -or-
- The Lectionary for Mass -or-
- A collection of Psalms and Antiphons approved by the Bishops’ Conference or Diocesan Bishop.
The Psalm texts from the Graduale Romanum and Graduale Simplex are not available in English and may not be suitable for every parish. Musical settings of the Responsorial Psalm that use the antiphons and Psalm texts from the Lectionary are always appropriate. In addition to the Psalms from the Lectionary, the Revised Grail Psalms may also be used since they have been approved for use in the liturgy by the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops.
Musical settings that do not use an approved translation of the Psalms or Antiphons may not be used for the Responsorial Psalm. There are many other legitimate sources, some of which have been listed below. The Liturgy Office is always interested to know of other resources.